Dr. Joseph P. Ornato is professor and chairman of the Department of Emergency Medicine at Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center in Richmond, Virginia. He is also medical director of the Richmond Ambulance Authority, the Prehospital Paramedic System serving Richmond, Va. Dr. Ornato is triple board certified (internal medicine, cardiology, emergency medicine) and is an active researcher in the field of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Dr. Ornato is an editor of the journal Resuscitation. He is past Chairman of the American Heart Association’s (AHA) National Emergency Cardiovascular Care Committee and its Advanced Cardiac Life Support Subcommittee. He chaired the National Steering Committee on the NIH Public Access Defibrillation Trial. He is currently consultant and cardiac co-chairman of the NIH Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) and serves as principal investigator for VCU on the NIH-sponsored Neurological Emergency Treatment Trials (NETT) Network. Dr. Ornato is a member of the Institute of Medicine.