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Research Alert

CMS Increases Public Access to Medicaid and CHIP Data

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The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) today released for the first time its research-ready Transformed Medicaid Statistical Information System (T-MSIS) data.

FYI: Interagency Board Releases Training Trigger for Administration of Naloxone (Narcan)

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the Interagency Board (IAB) supports the consideration by all states and local jurisdictions to make naloxone available for use by law enforcement. 

Penn Study on Mechanical and Manual CPR with EMS Insider Highlights

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A.J. Heightman comments on University of Pennsylvania Study on mechanical CPR. 

Research Worth Reading

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EMS Analysis Wang HE, Mann, NC, Jacobson KE, et al. National characteristics of emergency medical services responses in the U.S. Prehos Emerg Care. 2013;17(1):8—14. Despite its prominence and history, only limited data exists to describe the national characteristics of EMS care in the U.S.

Limited Evidence on Best Strategies During a Mass Casualty Event

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According to a new report from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), there is limited evidence to show which strategies are most effective in allocating scarce resources during mass casualty events. Researchers at the AHRQ-supported Southern California RAND Evidence-Based Practic

No Survival Benefit of an Impedance Threshold Device during Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

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A randomized study of 8,718 patients with non-traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest at 10 ROC sites in the U.S. and Canada found no difference in the discharge rates between the patients who received standard CPR by EMS providers with use of an active impedance threshold device (ITD) or a sham de

No Effect Found for CPR before Defibrillation in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

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According to a study published in the September issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, administering two minutes of CPR before defibrillation and rhythm analysis does not improve outcomes.1 The theory that a more perfused heart will respond better to defibrillation shock makes intuitive se

Stroke Center Designation & Mortality

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Researchers conducting an observational study published in January in JAMA compared mortality at New York State hospitals with and without designated stroke centers and found that short- and long-term mortality rates were modestly better at hospitals with stroke centers than at those without the des

A Comparison of Cooling Techniques in Firefighters after a Live Burn Evolution

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A study published by Deanna Colburn, MPT, and colleagues found a slightly higher cooling rate for forearm immersion cooling and no apparent benefit to ice water-perfused cooling vests when compared with cooling in an air-conditioned medical trailer for 30 minutes.1 A previous laboratory study of

Physiological Recovery from Firefighting Activities in Rehab

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When is it safe to send firefighters back into the fray? That was the question Gavin P. Horn, PhD, and colleagues assessed in a recently released study.1 They found that recovery from firefighting activities is significantly longer than the typical 10—20 minute rehabilitation period often provided