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TOP STATES FOR VEHICLE CRASHES: Where does your state fit?

 

TOP STATES FOR VEHICLE CRASHES: Where does your state fit?

“Nearly everywhere in America, dialing 911 brings the help you need, where you need it, thanks to the Nation’s Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system,” says the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) Safety in Numbers report.  Communities around the nation rely heavily on EMS responding to an emergency. EMS impacts every community in the U.S., saving lives and stabilizing patients prior to and during transport. One of the most difficult challenges for EMS responders is arriving on scene when the victim is already deceased. That scenario happens more often in rural vehicle crashes.

According to a study by the National Cooperative Highway Research Program, “A disproportionate number of motor vehicle crashes occur in rural areas. – 40 percent of vehicle-miles traveled occur on rural roads; however, these rural trips account for 54% of all traffic fatalities.” The study, “Emergency Medical Services Response to Motor Vehicle Crashes in Rural Areas,” attempted to qualify the data, noting:

Several factors contribute to these higher injury and fatality rates, including that rural crashes are more likely to involve higher vehicle speeds, a lower rate of seat belt use, and less availability of timely emergency medical care. Rural crashes present unique challenges for emergency medical service (EMS) systems. Compared with urban areas, a greater percentage of rural crashes result in multiple fatalities and higher rates of head-on collisions, roll overs, and ejected crash occupants. In addition, rural EMS systems often rely on a volunteer force, and tends to have less financial resources for staffing, equipment, and training. Response times in rural areas are longer owing to the greater travel distances required to reach the scene of a crash. Additionally, some rural EMS systems operate in areas with limited telecommunication options.”

Time and resources may play a significant role in all EMS responses. The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute collected data from all 50 states including the District of Columbia. According to the Institute for Highway Safety Highway Loss Data Institute (IIHS HLDI), the average deaths per 100,000 people was 10.2; average deaths per 100 million vehicle miles traveled is 1.08 for the 2014 calendar year. 

“The fatality rate per 100,000 people ranged from 3.5 in the District of Columbia to 25.7 in Wyoming. The death rate per 100 million vehicles miles traveled range from 0.57 in Massachusetts to 1.65 in South Carolina. The following is the analysis of their research published with the permission of the (IIHS HLDI).

There were 29,989 fatal motor vehicle crashes in the United States in 2014 in which 32,675 deaths occurred. This resulted in 10.2 deaths per 100,000 people and 1.08 deaths per 100 million vehicle miles traveled. The fatality rate per 100,000 people ranged from 3.5 in the District of Columbia to 25.7 in Wyoming. The death rate per 100 million vehicle miles traveled ranged from 0.57 in Massachusetts to 1.65 in South Carolina. 

Population, vehicle miles traveled, fatal motor vehicle crashes, motor vehicle crash deaths and motor vehicle crash death rates per state, 2014

State

Population

Vehicle miles traveled (millions)

Fatal crashes

Deaths

Deaths per 100,000 population

Deaths per 100 million vehicle miles traveled

Alabama

4,849,377

65,667

747

820

16.9

1.25

Alaska

736,732

4,857

68

73

9.9

1.50

Arizona

6,731,484

62,631

705

770

11.4

1.23

Arkansas

2,966,369

34,024

431

466

15.7

1.37

California

38,802,500

332,857

2,833

3,074

7.9

0.92

Colorado

5,355,866

48,985

451

488

9.1

1.00

Connecticut

3,596,677

31,190

234

248

6.9

0.80

Delaware

935,614

9,596

106

121

12.9

1.26

District of Columbia

658,893

3,528

21

23

3.5

0.65

Florida

19,893,297

201,040

2,336

2,494

12.5

1.24

Georgia

10,097,343

111,535

1,080

1,164

11.5

1.04

Hawaii

1,419,561

10,174

94

95

6.7

0.93

Idaho

1,634,464

16,154

175

186

11.4

1.15

Illinois

12,880,580

104,906

845

924

7.2

0.88

Indiana

6,596,855

79,204

705

746

11.3

0.94

Iowa

3,107,126

31,414

287

321

10.3

1.02

Kansas

2,904,021

30,710

341

385

13.3

1.25

Kentucky

4,413,457

47,941

612

672

15.2

1.40

Louisiana

4,649,676

48,252

662

737

15.9

1.53

Maine

1,330,089

14,301

115

131

9.8

0.92

Maryland

5,976,407

56,432

416

442

7.4

0.78

Massachusetts

6,745,408

57,552

310

328

4.9

0.57

Michigan

9,909,877

97,384

831

901

9.1

0.93

Minnesota

5,457,173

57,395

324

361

6.6

0.63

Mississippi

2,994,079

39,499

543

607

20.3

1.54

Missouri

6,063,589

70,909

696

766

12.6

1.08

Montana

1,023,579

12,157

176

192

18.8

1.58

Nebraska

1,881,503

19,613

203

225

12.0

1.15

Nevada

2,839,099

25,302

267

290

10.2

1.15

New Hampshire

1,326,813

12,970

89

95

7.2

0.73

New Jersey

8,938,175

74,856

523

556

6.2

0.74

New Mexico

2,085,572

25,347

337

383

18.4

1.51

New York

19,746,227

129,263

978

1,039

5.3

0.80

North Carolina

9,943,964

108,012

1,188

1,284

12.9

1.19

North Dakota

739,482

10,511

121

135

18.3

1.28

Ohio

11,594,163

112,766

917

1,006

8.7

0.89

Oklahoma

3,878,051

47,699

589

669

17.3

1.40

Oregon

3,970,239

34,610

322

357

9.0

1.03

Pennsylvania

12,787,209

99,882

1,107

1,195

9.3

1.20

Rhode Island

1,055,173

7,677

52

52

4.9

0.68

South Carolina

4,832,482

49,931

757

824

17.1

1.65

South Dakota

853,175

9,225

125

136

15.9

1.47

Tennessee

6,549,352

72,336

892

962

14.7

1.33

Texas

26,956,958

243,076

3,193

3,538

13.1

1.46

Utah

2,942,902

27,554

222

256

8.7

0.93

Vermont

626,562

7,059

42

44

7.0

0.62

Virginia

8,326,289

80,985

659

703

8.4

0.87

Washington

7,061,530

58,060

429

462

6.5

0.80

West Virginia

1,850,326

19,117

242

272

14.7

1.42

Wisconsin

5,757,564

60,053

460

507

8.8

0.84

Wyoming

584,153

9,457

131

150

25.7

1.59

U.S. total

318,857,056

3,025,655

29,989

32,675

10.2

1.08

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