PETA Criticizes Use of Goats in Combat Medic Training - News - @ JEMS.com


PETA Criticizes Use of Goats in Combat Medic Training

PETS chides study between use of goats and computerized mannequins


 
 

WILLIAM R. LEVESQUE, Tampa Bay Times | | Thursday, August 15, 2013


TAMPA - In the military, it's sometimes called "Goat Lab."

Wounds are deliberately inflicted on anesthetized goats - broken legs, amputations, sucking chest wounds. Then combat medics treat them. The military says it's realistic training that later saves lives in combat.

But People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals is criticizing the Florida National Guard's participation in a $5.3 million Pentagon-funded study that may determine whether Goat Lab is better training than using computerized mannequins.

The University of South Florida's Center for Advanced Medical Learning and Simulation is taking part in the study, which involves a consortium of schools led by the University of Missouri.

The mission is to evaluate existing combat trauma training and recommend how such training should be done in the future.

The Florida Guard said it is sending 30 medics to the center Friday through Monday to take part in the study. Part of the study involves medics in a control group training with live animals, said Lt. Col. James Evans, a guard spokesman.

Still, it is unclear whether the live-animal part of the study will take place at USF or one of the other schools involved. Evans said medics in Tampa may work with mannequins. He wasn't sure. USF and Missouri officials declined to comment.

But PETA officials said a "whistle-blower" told them guard medics would work on live animals during Tampa training.

"We welcome the recognition by the (Guard) that modern simulation is the future of military medical training, but no more animals need to be stabbed, mutilated or shot to make this point," said Justin Goodman, PETA's director of laboratory investigations.

In a statement, the Florida Guard said, "This study has been sanctioned by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee and is supportive of (Department of Defense) efforts to refine, reduce and appropriately replace the use of live animals in medical education and training whenever possible."

The Guard said the military has used animals in medic training for decades.

Some medics said trauma training using animals offers benefits that the mannequins, also called simulators, do not.

"The sims are great, but only to a point," said Andrew Harriman, 29, a Pinellas County resident and former Army medic who served in Iraq. "Yeah, you can program them to do anything you want. But you don't have the sense of urgency as you do with a live patient."

He said that in his training, conducted by Special Forces, a veterinarian and two assistants oversaw the exercise and ensured animals remained anesthetized.

Congress has directed the Pentagon to phase out "live-tissue training" and rely more on simulators. Military officials say they are reducing animal use. But they say simulators can't replace them completely.

"Until there are validated alternatives, the experience and confidence gained by the use of the live-animal model in teaching life-saving procedures cannot be substituted by other training methods," said an April report by the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics.

The Florida Guard said it last participated in trauma training using animals in 2009. But the Guard could provide no details.

PETA said in a letter to the Guard that studies have shown training with simulators "is more effective at preparing medical personnel to treat traumatic injuries than crude animal laboratories."

PETA also points to a 2009 email by Col. Scott Goodrich, a surgeon with the U.S. Army Europe, in which he said of live-tissue training: "There still is no evidence that LTT saves lives. That it improves confidence and perception of competence is a given."

William R. Levesque can be reached at (813) 226-3432.

Mobile Category: 
News


Copyright © 2013 LexisNexis, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Terms and Conditions | Privacy Policy


Connect: Have a thought or feedback about this? Add your comment now
Related Topics: News, Simulation, mannequin, combat medic

What's Your Take? Comment Now ...

Buyer's Guide Featured Companies

Featured Careers & Jobs in EMS

Get JEMS in Your Inbox

 

Fire EMS Blogs


Blogger Browser

Today's Featured Posts

 

EMS Airway Clinic

Improving Survival from Cardiac Arrest Using ACD-CPR + ITD

Using active compression-decompression CPR with an ITD has been shown to improve 1-year survival from cardiac arrest by 33%.
More >

Multimedia Thumb

D.C. Fire and EMS Crews Blame New Technology for Patient’s Death

Delayed response blamed on recurring dispatch problems.
Watch It >


Multimedia Thumb

Suspect Steals, Crashes Maryland Ambulance

One killed, others injured in Prince George’s County crash.
Watch It >


Multimedia Thumb

Fire Breaks Out in Chicago Hospital

Kitchen fire in Presence Resurrection Medical Center spreads to second floor.
Watch It >


Multimedia Thumb

D.C. Firefighter in Patient Death, Fired

Officials say termination is due to missing work.
Watch It >


Multimedia Thumb

Tennessee Trench Rescue

Worker pulled from Roane County worksite.
More >


Multimedia Thumb

Time’s Ebola Firefighters

Doctors, nurses and others saluted for fighting virus.
More >


Multimedia Thumb

Car Strikes Manhattan Pedestrians

Seven people hurt when car jumps curb.
More >


Multimedia Thumb

LMA MAD Nasal™

Needle-free intranasal drug delivery.
Watch It >


Multimedia Thumb

The AmbuBus®, Bus Stretcher Conversion Kit - EMS Today 2013

AmbuBus®, Bus Stretcher all-hazards preparedness & response tool
Watch It >


Multimedia Thumb

Field Bridge Xpress ePCR on iPad, Android, Kindle Fire

Sneak peek of customizable run forms & more.
Watch It >


More Product Videos >